2000 Level Courses

LING 2110 3.0 - Phonetics

This course provides a brief discussion of the anatomical and physiological bases of the production of speech sounds and an introduction to a wide range of sound types from a variety of human languages. Students receive ear-training in the discrimination of many kinds of speech-sounds and instruction and practice in making and transcribing these sounds. An introduction to the physical (acoustic) properties of speech sounds is also given.


FORMAT: Two 1-hour lectures and one 1-hour tutorial weekly; students should also spend one hour in the language laboratory weekly on an unscheduled (drop-in) basis.

PREREQUISITE/COREQUISITE: AP/LING1000 6.0, or permission of the Department.

LING 2120 3.0 - Phonology 1: Analysis

This course provides students with the opportunity to develop the analytical skills necessary for more advanced phonological work. Emphasis throughout is on practical analysis and argumentation, drawing on data from a wide variety of languages.


FORMAT: Two 90-minute sessions weekly.

PREREQUISITE: AP/LING 1000 6.0 with a minimum grade of C and AP/LING 2110 3.0, or permission of the Department.

LING 2130 3.0 - Morphology 1: Analysis

This course provides an introduction to the nature and organization of morphological patterns in human languages. Students are exposed to a range of cross-linguistic data, with emphasis being placed on how morphological theory accounts for these data.

FORMAT: Two 90-minute sessions weekly.

PREREQUISITES: AP/LING 1000 6.0 with a minimum grade of C, or permission of the Department.

LING 2140 3.0 - Syntax 1: Analysis

This course offers an introduction to syntactic analysis, building on concepts acquired in Linguistics 1000 and Linguistics 2130, and paves the way for Linguistics 3140. Topics include lexical and functional categories, morphosyntactic features, theta-roles and argument structure, the structure of phrases, constituency, and syntactic relationships within the clause.

FORMAT: Two 90-minute sessions weekly.

PREREQUISITES: AP/LING 1000 6.0 with a minimum grade of C and AP/LING 2130 3.0, or permission of the Department.

LING 2400 3.0 - Language in its Social Context

This course provides an introduction to language as a social phenomenon. Topics include: approaches to the study of language in its social context; linguistic diversity and societal multilingualism; language planning and policy (with special focus on Canada); the role of language in social stereotypes and identity; social norms and language use; the relationship of language to culture and thought; speech communities and social networks; the effects of social factors on language variation; language change; and the linguistic consequences of language contact.


FORMAT: One 2-hour lecture and one 1-hour tutorial weekly.


LING 2410 3.0 - Language and Gender

This course explores the relationship between language and sex/gender systems from a feminist perspective. The main areas investigated are language and gender stereotypes; language, power and women's status; and male versus female communicative style in different socio-cultural contexts.

Course credit exclusions: None.

LING 2420 3.0 - Language and Culture

This course investigates the relationship between language and culture by exploring analyses of language use in social interaction in both Western and non-Western societies. It investigates the role of language in marking social difference and social change, along dimensions such as gender, ethnicity, class, and religion. It does so by investigating questions about universal versus culture-specific aspects of language structure, language use, and beliefs about language. Drawing on research in linguistic anthropology and sociolinguistics, topics that are investigated include: language acquisition and socialization, language ideology, language and thought, language endangerment, indexicality and performativity.

Prerequisite(s): none


Cross-listed to ANTH 2420 3.0

LING 2430 3.0 - Language Power and Persuasion

This course investigates the role of language in creating and maintaining power asymmetries in society, focusing in particular on the covert ways in which language may help to "persuade" individuals to accept existing power structures as natural and justified. Various types of oral discourse are analyzed to determine the means by which participants create and maintain dominance, power and status.

Media discourse is examined to explore how ideology is conveyed through linguistic choices. Specific topics include: the relationship between linguistic structure and thought, language ideology, political discourse, legal discourse, cross-cultural discourse, and classroom discourse. Practical applications of discourse analysis are also discussed. The course is of interest to students in linguistics, sociology, political science, education, and anthropology.

FORMAT: One 2-hour lecture and one 1-hour tutorial hour weekly.

PREREQUISITES: None. 30 spaces reserved for Linguistics majors.

LING 2450 3.0 - Language and the Law

This course explores ways in which linguistics can shed light on language use in the legal system. The course is divided into four sections:

  1. the origins and special characteristics of written legal language, including a discussion of problems caused by legal language used in instructions to juries;
  2. spoken language in the courtroom, including the role of courtroom discursive practices in constructing and constituting power relations among judges, lawyers and clients;
  3. linguistic and cultural diversity in the legal system, including discussions of bilingual law and of approaches to translation in legal settings;
  4. linguistics in the courtroom; linguists as consultants and expert witnesses in areas such as voice identification, trademark law and establishing authorship of written and spoken confessions.

The course is of particular interest to students in linguistics, law and society and anthropology.

FORMAT: One 2-hour lecture and one 1-hour tutorial weekly.


LING 2200 3.0 - Introduction to Speech and Language Sciences

This course introduces students to key aspects of speech sciences, including acoustic phonetics, speech perception, speech production and audition, as well as fundamental concepts in speech-language development and disorders. The relationship between speech and abstract levels of language, such as syntax and phonology, is also considered.

Specific topics include phonetic transcription, speech anatomy and aerodynamics, the speech chain, source filter theory, auditory transduction, theories of speech perception (e.g. motor theory). The course also provides and overview of research methodologies for the analysis of speech, including instrumental techniques such as PRAAT, ultra-sound, and eye-tracking.

Prerequisites: AP/LING1000 6.0 (Introduction to Linguistics) and HH/PSYC1010 6.0 (Introduction to Psychology).

LING 2800 3.0 - Language and Mind

This course explores how the structures of human language reflect the architecture of the human mind. Linguistics issues are related to topics in vision, philosophy, and psychology, among others. The course focuses primarily on internalist views of language, as exemplified in the generative tradition.

COURSE CREDIT EXCLUSION: AP/LING 3800 3.0 (prior to Fall 2012).

FORMAT: Two 90-minute sessions weekly.